View at Kas in Turkey

Kas Turkey

Kas a holiday in a historical and picturesque fishing village

Kas lies in the middle of an area with several interesting historical places such as Demre, Myra and Xanthos in the south-east of Turkey. Around the island Kekova lies the sunken cities. These can be visit by glass boat.

From Kas, stretching out into the sea, is the narrow Cukurbag peninsula with a beautiful nature and modern holiday hotels and apartments. One can enjoy the nearest beaches of Kas (Buyuk Cakil, Kucuk Cakil, Akcagerme), but in addition shuttle-boats take the tourists to the beautiful Cayagzı beach. Opposite Kas is the Greek Island of Meyisti. Kas is one of the most popular holiday diving places in Turkey.

Kas in Turkey is a favourite stopover for the blue voyagers, but it is also a very nice place to spent a great holiday. Kas offers most lively night life during your holiday with the numerous terraced bars and restaurants.

Although there is not much left of Phellos (remains of the city wall, sarcophagi and rock cut Lycian tombs, a free standing house - type tomb), it is worth seeing the beauty of its surrounding landscapes. The site can be reached either by foot (12 km / 7.5 miles trek) or by car towards Cukurbag - Pinarbası.

Between Kas and Kekova, we see a number of ancient minor inland cities such as Isinda, near the village of Belenli, Aperlae and Apollonia, near the village of Kiliçli.

History of Kas

The town Kas in Turkey was originally called Habesos or Habesa in the ancient tongue of Lycia and later was given the name Antiphellos. It is one of the oldest settlements in the region of Lycia. Most of the ancient settlement is now covered by the modern town of Kas.

The rock-cut tombs to the north-east of Kas date to the 4th century B.C.On a rise between the open sea and the hill. This was probably the acropolis of the ancient city, lies a rock tomb formed like a Doric structure with Doric triglyphs on the facade. Inside the tomb is to be found a frieze of dancing female figures.

The acropolis of Kas was surrounded by a fortified wall. No traces were found on the northern or western slopes. To the west of the modern town stands the ancient theater overlooking the sea. This structure possesses a remarkable view.

It was constructed of local limestone and today the tribunes and outer walls of Kas are still visible although no trace of the skene is left. On the western edge of the acropolis are traces of a temple. Tombs of the Roman period scattered about the town and along the coast.

The ruins of Antiphellos are spread around the town of Kas, and lies at the neck of a small peninsula in the Mediterranean. Its location makes it one of the most beautiful sites on the south-west Anatolian coast. From what we can glean from Pliny, the original Lycian name of this ancient city was Habesos. Later written sources however, give the city's name as Antiphellos.

It is agreed that Antiphellos was a small port linked to neighbouring Phellos, some 7-8 km. to the north as the crow flies. The term "phellos" means "rocky place" in Greek. Antiphellos means "opposite the rocky place".

Because there was an increase in trade contacts from Hellenistic times onwards, Antiphellos gained special importance as a port for the export of the region's timber. Bearing in mind the difficulty of land communications and the perpetual scarcity of suitable arable land around it, it is certain that this town never became a large city.

In spite of the fact that it was established in a place open to attack and difficult to defend, there is no trace of city walls on the landward side. The only extant remains of fortifications consist of rectangular walls of Hellenistic date that run the length of the shore. An ancient breakwater lies more or less below the foundations of today's harbour has been completely destroyed. Behind the harbour, on the road to the Cukurbag peninsula, we see the remains of a temple foundation. This temple is constructed of ashlar masonry, dates to the first century B.C. Going from the temple directly west, one comes across a lovely little theatre of Hellenistic type capable of seating approximately 3.000 people. There is no diazoma in the cavea, which is comprised of 26 tiers of wooden stage. There is an exit and an entrance to the stage on two sides.

A tomb in the Doric order carved from living rock is situated north-east of the theatre in Kas. In the funerary chamber, that can be entered by a high door, are three benches. That directly opposite the door is decorated with a frieze having to do with funeral rites; it depicts 25 female figures, dancing hand-in-hand. The sides of the benches are embellished with rosettes and oyster shell motifs. These features indicate a fourth century B.C. date. Other tombs in a variety of forms are found on the town's northern slopes.

An important monument of Kas worth visiting because of its regional architectural characteristics, in the Lycian tomb on Uzuncarsı Caddesi. This monument, which has become the symbol of Kas, is a single-doored hyposorium, which together with the thick base surmounting it, is carved from the solid rock. Above this is the sarcophagus itself, which is cut from a separate piece of stone and its lid. Two lions' heads resting on their paws are carved on each of the lid's two long sides. In addition to providing decoration the lions' heads also facilitated lifting the lid and placing it on top of the sarcophagus. Male and female figures connected with funerary observances can be made out on the narrow western face, which is divided into four panels. On the tomb's base is an eight-line Lycian inscription. The monument dates to the fourth century B.C. It has a long inscription in the Lycian language which has not been deciphered yet, like the one on the Xanthos monolith. This sarcophagus stands at the upper end of Uzun Carsı Street which is lined by traditional Turkish architecture houses, carpet and souvenir shops.

 

 

Destinations : Akyaka, Dalyan, Ekincik, Kas