Mosaics

Stories of Mosaics

TRITON MOSAIC

After Poseidon and Amphitit's magnificent wedding under the sea, they had a child. This child looked both from waist down where he was covered see weed laid like a fish. This child, named Triton, started serving his mother (Amphitrite) and his father (Poseidon) and passed on their message by the hellos sea shell. His strong blow would make sounds of huge waves of the angry seas.

DIONYSOS, BAKKHA AND NIKE MOSAIC

In this mosaic, Dionysus the inner and nature god of Anatolian origin and Nike god of victory are pictured together.Dionysos can be seen in a cart pulled by two panthers controlled by Nike. A Bakkha can be seen dancing and leading in front of the cart. It is also the name of a religion. Those who belonged to this faith would launch a mysterious journey by drinking wine.Those who participated in these ceremonies were named Saritus(men) and Bakkha(women).

ANTIOPE AND SATYROS MOSAIC

Antiope is a very beautiful woman Zeus the God of Gods fell in love with Antiope after seeing her beauty. And Approaches Antiope in shape of a Satyros(men participating in a Dionysus ceremony by drinking wire) Zeus who steals Antiope's heart has two children from her. But when Zeus leaves her she finds herself with noon to depend on Antiope who was very much afraid of her father leaves home and marries Siklon the king of Epopeus.

POSSEDION, OCEANOS AND TETHYS MOSAIC

This mosaic which is estimated to be floor of a pool or a dining room.The most important gods of the sea are pictured.At the top Poseidon can be seen riding a creature called Hippocam which has the head and front legs of a horse and is a fish at the back. Poseidon holds a pitchfark.In the lower part of the mosaic another sea god Oceanos and Tethys which symbolizes Femaleness in the seas are pictured.The rest of the mosaic is decorated by various sea animals.

DIONYSOS'S WEDDING MOSAIC

The 10 figures in the mosaic from left to right are,A men figure standing,drinking liquor out of a cup –A menad sitting holding a mesale –A dressed woman walking towards right with her arm up in the air holding something in her hands which can not be seen due to the damage in that part of the mosaic.A woman sitting on the throne is shown with most amount of clothes loosely cover her body around her torso –A men's figure shown with a halo around his head and next to throne a child figure two clothed women figure walking to the left.

APHRODITE'S BIRTH

The goddess of love and the one identified with the Roman love Goddess Venus.There are two different takes about her birth. Sometimes, she is considered the daughter of Zeus and Diane and sometimes she is said to be the daughter of Quranos. According to this tale Quranos sex organs which was cut separate from his body had fallen in to the sea and Quranos had a daughter from the seas and she was called the woman born from the waves or woman born from the seeds of the gods.

AKHILLEUS MOSAIC

Akhilleus's going to WAR OF TROY Akhilleus's parents who doesn't want him to join the war of Troy send him to King Lykomedes's palace on Skyros Island. There Akhilleus joins the daughter of Lykomedes in women's clothes.But when the predictions spread around that Troy could never be conquered unless Akhilleus joined the war,Odysseus starts looking for Akhilleus.

OCEANOS and TETHYS MOSAIC

Oceanos, the archaic era (except for Mediterranean) Lives with Tethys who symbolizes the feminine component in the sea. It is believed that all rivers and stream came into existence from Oceanos and Tethys. In this mosaic that was found in excavations in Zeugma which is estimated to be the floor of a pool pictures Oceanos and Tethys surrounded by sea creatures. Also Eros figures riding dolphins can be seen in the mosaic.

DAIDALOS AND IKAROS MOSAIC

The gods of Poseidon, presents the King of Crete Minos with a bull. The kings wife Pasiphae falls in love with this bull. She order the palace sculptor to make cow marquette. A beast with with bull head and human body was born of this coupling the beast was named Minotaur. King Minos would have 7 women 7 men sacrifices collected from all cities under his dominion and feed them to minotaur who lived in a labyrinth.

GALATEIA MOSAIC

Etymologically there are two characters who are associated with milk white color.First one is one of Nreus's daughters and a mermaid goddess who takes part in some of the Sicilian tegends.The Sicilian Kyklops Polyphemos who head an appearance of a beast was madly in love with Galateia the milk skinned beauty who lived in still seas.

SILENOS MOSAIC

Silenos is the General name given to old Satyroses(the nature daimons that never leave Dionysos's side)It is also know that the legendary hero who raised Dionysos was also called Silenos.There is many different information on Silenos's family tree.Silenos is sometimes considered Pan's or Hermes's son born from a Nympha,sometimes he is said to be born from the drops of blood Hermes had shed when his sex organ was cut from his body by Quranos Kronos.

THE GYPSY GIRL (GAIA) MOSAIC

This mosaic which was found during the zeugma excavations sin1992 long before Zeugma became a current issue,became the symbol of Zeugma because of the mysterious look she had in her eyes. When it could not be identified it got named "Gypsy" because of the women's resemblance with gypsies.But some sources draw attention to the winein the mosaic and claim that it is GAIA the Goddess of the Earth.In Mythology it is considered that GAIA is the first element all God's ancestors have derived from.

THE DRAMA GROUP MOSAIC

There are different comments about this mosaic.It was brought to light in section B at the Zeugma Antic Ste.The first impression was the three human figures sitting in chairs in front of a platform pictured a drama group But researchers disagnea to this and make a note that in drama faces are usually hid behind masks.There is also a pharese at the bottom of the mosaic saying “Zosimos made which indicates the fact that it was made by mosaic artist Zoimos of Samsota.

DOLPHIN AND EROS MOSAIC

During the excavations sponsored by Packard Humanities institute, this mosaic was brought to day light and it shows the god of love eros riding on dolphins.

THE LIVING ZEUGMA ILLUTRATION

Zeugma which lived its worst pompous days during 2. Century AC- Was one of 4 biggest cities of Roman Empire. Zeugma was really a magnificent city, 4 th legion headQuarters being stationed there, high ranked officers live of in the city, and it was also very popular by rich merchants for it's strategic advantages.

METIOKHOS MOSAIC

A young man Originally from Phrygian. Metiokhos uras in love with a girl called Parthenope who had vowed to remain a virgin. She was in love with him too but she is also wanted to keep her vow.She cut her hair and became an exile. She went to Campania and devoted herself to the God of wine Dionysus.(Napoli in Italy is named Parthenope in Greek because of this myth).But those who refused physical love was never forgiven by Aphrodite. For this reason she turned her in to the demon Siren with a woman's head and a birds body.

PARTHENOPE MOSAIC

It is one of the Sirens. Her grave was said to be in Napoli. She jumped into the sea and suicide with her sisters; the waves threw her corpse to the shore and a monument was built on Napoli shore in her name. In another version of the myth Parthenope was a young girl originally from Phrygia she fell in love with Metiokhos but she just couldn't bring herself to take an action against her oath Parthenope punished herself and cut her hair and voluntarily went to compania as an exile.She there devoted herself to Dyonysos and Aphrodit who got very angry with her turned Parthenope in to a demen called Siren with a birds body and woman's head.

METIOKHOS AND PARTHENOPE MET AT THE MUSEUM

The two figures of the mosaic which were smuggled out of Turkey 36 years ago from Zeugma by Euphrates part which will be buried under the Birecik Dam waters, is brought back to Gaziantep from the U.S.A. The two figures brought back from the USA on June 19 was assembled to the main port of the mosaic. The main port was found in Zeugma in 1993 and was brought to the Museum of Gaziantep. The missing port of the mosaic was indicated by a big question mark ( ? ) . It is now ready to be exhibited.

THE GOD OF EUPHRATES

The god of Euphrates was found pictured on an octagonal pool floor in this mosaic Euphrates can be seen half laying on a couch. River Euphrates pictured flowing out of a jug under his elbow and the land that has met with the water is covered with green plants. Euphrates holds a branch from a tree. It is torso is naked, and there is a tree at his foot. This mosaic was found during the Belkis/Zeugma Necropol digs in 2000 in a Roman villa pool hallway with the Euphrates River Gods. There are two shallow polls in this hallway.

THE YOUNG RIVER GOD OF EUPHRATES

The young river God,his torso naked is half leaning on a platform on grass. On the upper left corner there is a building Lorth a triangle front and two courtyard walls. This must be representing a creek(Merzimen) providing water for the Euphrates. This mosaic is on the pool hallway floor.

THE WATER FAIRY

It is pictured in a rectangle frame to the left of Euphrates to the right of Euphrates a water fairy is pictured laying on grass leaning on her elbow. There is a spring flowing from under her elbow. This represents the springs providing water to for the creeks that flow in to Euphrates.

THE GOD OF ABUNDANCE DEMETER

The mosaic which the God of earth with the horn of fertilely on her left shoulder is shown in a square shellow pool crowned with flowers and ears of wheat right to the west of Gods related to Euphrates. The mosaic artist has created an Equation of production by first having the water go through the pool where the God of Euphrates are pictured and have it reach the pool where the Goddess of fertility Demeter is,and this way he describes the abundance and fertility.

THE KING OF EUPHRATES ACHELOOS

The abundance and futility of Euphrates has been used in another composition in Zeugma mosaic. Acheloos the king of Euphrates is shown with the horn of fertility on his head seattering around fruit and nuts. Acheloos has a mustache in the shape of wings. He has flowers in his hair and has two horns of futility on the upper part of his forehead. Fruits and plums and sunseed flowers are shown in this mosaic all surrounded by branches and the horn of fertility.

ACRATOS

It was found during the excavations carried out by the Museum of Gaziantep at Zeugma/Belkis Kaleagzi region. Acratos and Euphrosyne ares shown seated at kline on Acratos is filling Euphrosyne's cup out of a liquor jug shaped like a deer's head. On the left the large liquor container crater takes place. Euphrosyne means joy and good spirits, she is one of the beauties called brightness sparkle and beauty and symbolyzes anything that is nice for sight. She is the daughter of Zeus and Eurynome. Acratos is a God that symbolizes men who are weak against women.

LOVE (EROS) AND SPIRIT (PHYSKE)

When he found Physke Eros , was ready to make this arrogant girl, who bragged of not fall in a love with anyone, fall madly in love with the worstman in the world, but just when he pointed his arrow to shoot at her heart Physke's beauty devastated him. He fall in love with Physke instead of making her fall in love with someone else.Physke's only wish was to see the face of this young man who has madly in love with her. But Eros never accepted this.

EUROPA

Europa was the daughter of Agenor, and was beloved by Zeus. Zeus took the form of a beautiful white bull and encountered Europa at the seashore. By appearing to be very tame, he coaxed her to climb onto his back and then swam off with her across the sea to Crete. In Crete, Europa had three sons by Zeus -- Minos, Sarpedon, and Rhadamanthys.

PERSEUS AND ANDROMEDE

And so Perseus sought out Medusa's lair, surrounded as it was by the petrified remains of previous visitors, and he found the Gorgon sleeping; Yes, even though he had the good old magic arsenal, Perseus was not so foolhardy as to wake Medusa. And even though her gaze could hardly be expected to turn anyone to stone while her eyes were closed, he used the device provided by Athena to avoid looking at Medusa directly. (This suggests that you could be turned to stone just by gazing at Medusa, though most versions of the myth have it that it was the power of her gaze that counted.)